For most of us the phrase ‘medieval banquets’ conjures up vivid and colourful imagery – plentiful food and wine, exotic medieval recipes, lavish presentations, grand table layouts, glorious surroundings and marvellous entertainment. Medieval banquets in particular seem to hold a fascination for many people. The Arthurian legend, its tales of Camelot and a glorious age of chivalry has perhaps been a key contributor to that. The Great Hall at Winchester with its main tourist attraction Arthur’s Round Table will have seen many a medieval banquet in its time. (Photo below)
Nations and peoples have always regarded food as a defining characteristic of their culture. Food celebrations (and conversely food taboos) play an important role in a people’s culture and throughout history those wishing to demonstrate power or splendour have used food to convey that. The nobles of medieval England used feasting in this way and hence medieval banquets were born.
Banqueting was not just about medieval food, however. A complex ritual of other things was involved from table layouts and menus to table manners, from service etiquette and courtly entertainment to hall decorations. The food itself was just one part of what was involved.
Where & When Medieval Banquets Were Held
Traditionally banquets were held in the Great Hall of a medieval castle or manor house. Special guests would be seated at the high table and glass or metal goblets were used for drinking wine with tankards used for drinking ale.
There were special feasts for different days in the year including Christmas and New Year and sometimes even after a special political or royal achievement.
The irony about medieval banquets is that we know more about them today than the average medieval ‘man in the street’ ever did. Only a relatively minor percentage of the medieval population ever attended or served at medieval banquets. Stories passed on by ‘word of mouth’ were the closest the common man ever got to a medieval banquet.