Fowl Recipes

Chicken on a spit - popular medieval cooking

Chicken on a spit

Just as with meat, fowl recipes had great variety. In fact, cooking fowl was even more varied because there were so many types of fowl generally available in medieval England. Dishes ranged from simple chicken dishes to elaborate, ostentatious ones such as dressed peacock.

Many people ate chicken, pheasant, partridge, duck and goose meat. Chicken was roasted or boiled and usually stuffed with onions and herbs like parsley and sage. When in season, grapes were used as a tasty, alternative stuffing for chicken, again with herbs mixed in.

It was the wealthy landowners, however, who had the more elaborate fowl recipes in medieval cookery. Dressed swan or peacock was a favourite at banquets and feasts, usually being served in full plumage. Swans were especially popular at medieval royal banquets sometimes alongside an array of other ‘exotic’ birds such as the heron and blackbird. Proof of the latter is seen in the popular children’s nursery rhyme “Sing a song of sixpence”.


Sing a song of sixpence lists many fowl recipes
Sing a song of sixpence

Recipe Examples

Chykonys in Bruette – Chicken boiled and then stewed in an ale sauce. Other ingredients could be pepper, ginger, breadcrumbs and even saffron usually affordable only by the rich nobles. Here is slighty different and less expensive medieval style chicken dish you might like to try – elderflower chicken

Drepe – Game hens in a savoury almond milk.In this recipe, almonds are ground to create almond milk and the hen or chicken is flavoured with, onions, salt, and pellydor, a very spicy root used in medieval times

Sorcell Rosted, Wodekoke, & Snyte – Small game birds, wrapped in bacon or salted ham and then baked in an oven.

Chik Endored – Roasted chicken, covered (endored = gilded) in a batter containing ginger, pepper, saffron and salt. In a royal household, this batter might even be replaced by gold leaf!

For your delectation, here is the medieval english recipe for ‘chik endored’ …

“Take a chike, and drawe him, and roste him, And lete the fete be on, and take away the hede; then make batur of yolkes of eyroun and floure, and caste there-to pouder of ginger, and peper, saffron and salt, and pouder hit faire til hit be rosted ynogh.”